Fuel excise is a tax on the use of carbon fuels such as diesel and petrol.

Mineral royalties are a tax on the extraction of all carbon fuels – coal, oil or natural gas. 

These must be the carbon taxes you have when you don’t have a carbon tax?

Naturally those attacking carbon fuels recognise a carbon tax when they see one, and are always happy to see these Claytons Carbon Taxes increased in scope or severity.